Sensors for the determination of metal ions concentration

Fast development and wide application of stripping electroanalytical methods, stripping voltammetry particularly, is due to low detection limit, high sensitivity, selectivity, analysis rapidity, low cost of equipment. Electroanalytical methods provide successful decision of problems connected with environmental and technological processes monitoring, analysis of food, biological and clinical objects, various industrial materials.
Disadvantage of Stripping Voltammetry is the sensor (working electrode). Normally mercury or mercury containing solid electrodes are used as sensors. Basic problem of their application is toxicity of mercury and its soluble salts, necessity of solid electrode surface renewal.
To overcome the difficulties we worked out working electrodes free of mercury or mercury soluble salts.

Advantages of our sensors:

  • Environmental safety;
  • Electrochemical inertness in wide potential range;
  • Electrochemical surface regeneration;
  • High sensitivity;
  • Great number of determined elements;
  • Comfort application in field conditions.
  1. Impregnated graphite electrode (electrochemical surface regeneration), the electrode is applied for Cu,Pb,Cd,Zn,Cr,Ni,Mo,Mn,Sn determination.

  2. Thick film graphite electrodes for the determination of Ni, Cr, W, Se, Mn, Mo.

  3. Four electrode electrochemical sensors for field analysis. Sample preparation and measurement processes are combined in one tank.
 
Sensor Types and Purpose
 
¹ Type Sensor/Electrode Sensor purpose Analyzer
1 I Epoxy impregnated graphite electrode Determination of Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, Fe in highly mineralized (sea and ocean) waters «IVA-5»
2 II Paraffin impregnated graphite electrode Determination of Mo in natural, drinking and waste waters «IVA-5»
3 IV  Thick film electrode based on epoxy-graphite composite Determination of:
  • Ni, Cr, Co in natural, drinking and waste waters;
  • Mn in sea and ocean waters.
«IVA-5»
4 V Thick film graphite containing electrode modified with calomel Determination of:
  • Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, Fe, Sn in fresh natural, drinking and waste waters, foodstuffs, food raw material, soils, biological objects;
  •  thiols, disulfides in biological objects.
«IVA-5»
5 VI Thick film graphite containing electrode modified with gold Determination of:
  • As, Hg, Se in natural, drinking and waste waters;
  • Hg in soils.
«IVA-5»
6 VIII Thick film platinum containing electrode AOA determination of foodstuffs, food raw material, nutrients, vitamins, biological materials samples and oxidant activity of chlorinated/ozonized water
«MPA-1»
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  Urals State University of Economics